This page contains peer-reviewed clinical studies on the problems with the methodology used in drug testing (particularly for infants), as well as the wider societal damage and harm to patient/doctor relationship which occurs from mandated reporting.
Studies on False Positives & Other Issues
- Barakauskas, V.E. et al. (2012). Unresolved discrepancies between cannabinoid test results for infant urine. Clinical Chemistry, 58(9), 1364-1367. (free full text)
- Cotten, S.W. et. al. (2012). Unexpected interference of baby wash products with a cannabinoid (THC) immunoassay. Clinical Biochemistry, 45(9), 605-9. (free full text)
- Rollins, D.E., Jennison, T.A., & Jones, G. (1990). Investigation of interference by nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs in urine tests for abused drugs. Clinical Chemistry, 36(4), 602-606. (free full text)
- Vincent, C.E., Zebelman, A., & Goodwin, C. (2006). What common substances can cause false positives on urine screens for drugs of abuse? Journal of Family Practice, 55(10), 893-897. (free full text)
Studies on Bias & Impact of Reporting
- Chasnoff, I., Landress, H.J., & Barrett, M.E. (1990). The prevalence of illicit-drug or alcohol use during pregnancy and discrepancies in mandatory reporting in Pinellas County, Florida. New England Journal of Medicine, 322, 1202-1206. (free full text)
- Kerker, B.D., Horwitz, S.M., & Leventhal, J.M. (2004). Patients’ characteristics and providers’ attitudes: Predictors of screening pregnant women for illicit substance use. Child Abuse & Neglect, 28, 209-233.
- Kunins, H.V. et al. (2007). The effect of race on provider decisions to test for illicit drug use in the peripartum setting. Journal of Women’s Health, 16(2), 245-255.
- Roberts, S.C.M. & Nuru-Jeter, A. (2010). Women’s perspectives on screening for alcohol and drug use in prenatal care. Women’s Health Issues, 20(3), 193–200. (free full text)
- Roberts, S.C.M., & Pies, C. (2010). Complex calculations: How drug use during pregnancy becomes a barrier to prenatal care. Maternal & Child Health Journal, 15. (free full text)
- Roberts, S.C.M., & Nuru-Jeter, A. (2011). Universal screening for alcohol and drug use and racial disparities in child protective services reporting. Journal of Behavioral Health Issues & Research, 39.
- Seib, C.A. et al. (2012). Screening of alcohol and drug use in pregnancy. Midwifery, 28, 760-764.
Last updated: March 4, 2014 at 19:33 pm